One of the most common oral health problems affecting people today is periodontal disease, also known as gum disease. Though periodontal disease is prevalent, it is highly preventable. WebMD describes what exactly periodontal disease is as well as the progression of periodontal disease, “Periodontitis, also generally called gum disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end — if not properly treated — with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth. Gingivitis (gum inflammation) usually precedes periodontitis (gum disease). However, it is important to know that not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis… When gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance to periodontitis. In a person with periodontitis, the inner layer of the gum and bone pull away from the teeth and form pockets. These small spaces between teeth and gums collect debris and can become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line… As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. When this happens, teeth are no longer anchored in place, they become loose, and tooth loss occurs. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.” To prevent the progression of periodontal disease and maximize your oral health, follow these tips below.
4 Tips for Preventing Periodontal Disease
It is important to brush your teeth at least twice per day but ideally after each meal. Brush your teeth front and back as well as along the gum line and do not forget to brush your tongue!
Floss your teeth at least once per day to remove food particles and plaque buildup between your teeth and near your gums.
Mouthwash has been specifically designed to kill bacteria in your mouth and remove plaque. Swishing mouthwash at least once per day to give your mouth the extra protection that it needs. As an added bonus, your breath will smell great!
4. Visit Your Dentist Regularly
Regular visits to your dentist are important because your dentist will be able to monitor your gum health and gum line. Measurements can be taken if necessary and your oral health tracked to see if periodontal disease is progressing or if other preventive measures need to be taken. Procedures that can help stop or slow the progression of periodontal disease include root planning and scaling, gum surgery, and other regenerative procedures.